However, the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are extremely variable and difficult to evaluate in their entity; for example, although the list is particularly long (mood swings, food cravings, tiredness , irritability, breast tenderness, depression , abdominal swelling , swollen legs , difficulty concentrating, insomnia, changes in appetite, eating disorders , headaches, acne , water retention , anxiety , weight gain , muscle aches or joints, behavior disorders), most women complain only a part of these disorders. Furthermore, in most women the symptoms of menstrual syndrome disappear as soon as menstruation occurs, and then reappear with a certain systematicity before the start of the new cycle.
Although the mildest forms can be considered praphysiological, when the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome become particularly intense it is necessary to intervene first of all with in-depth diagnostic investigations.
If the diagnosis of premenstrual syndrome is confirmed, the pharmacological treatment can make use of hormonal therapies ( oral contraceptives ), pain relievers , anti-inflammatories and antidepressants . To alleviate the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in less severe cases, and as a support to pharmacological therapy, dietary correction can be helpful (reduction of salt and increase in fluids for water retention problems , consumption of at least 4-5 portions per say of vegetable foods , possibly accompanied by a multivitamin , and reduction in the consumption of alcohol, coffee and chocolate ) and behavioral ( reduction of stress , with increased physical activity and greater attention to the needs of one’s body, such as adequate night rest ). On the herbal front, some herbal teas they can be of some help in alleviating the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (see dedicated article ), given that even their simple preparation represents a renewed gesture of attention to one’s body.